Although same-sex sexual activity between consenting adults in private was decriminalized in ,  homosexuality is disapproved of by most Russians, and same-sex couples and households headed by same-sex couples are ineligible for the legal protections available to opposite-sex couples. There are currently no separate laws prohibiting discrimination based on sexual orientation in Russia. Transgender people are allowed to change their legal gender following sex reassignment surgery ; however, there are currently no laws prohibiting discrimination based on gender identity or expression, and recent laws could discriminate against transgender residents. Homosexuality has been declassified as a mental illness since , and although gay and lesbian individuals are legally allowed to serve openly in the military, there is a de facto " Don't ask, don't tell " policy.
Nearly 1 in 5 hate crimes motivated by anti-LGBTQ bias, FBI finds
Gays in military (abuse, homosexual, female, job) - Great Debates - City-Data Forum
The problem is extensive and the impact is unavoidable. In , a task force report on care for victims of sexual assault within the Department of Defense made recommendations for systematic changes to improve response to people who experience sexual violence DoD Care for Victims of Sexual Assault Task Force Report, Those recommendations included developing a central point of accountability and a unified response system. Additionally, the legal requirement to participate in the military justice system was found to be a major deterrent for service members to report crimes of sexual violence. Since that report, the DoD has made many changes and federal legislation has passed to help ensure proper care for victims. The Department of Veterans Affairs VA also incorporated major system changes to help provide treatment and benefits for those veterans who seek assistance with a history of military sexual trauma.
Abuse Of Gays In Military Increases
LGB service by country. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer LGBTQ personnel are able to serve in the armed forces of some countries around the world: the vast majority of industrialized, Western countries, including some Latin American countries such as Brazil and Chile ,   in addition to South Africa , and Israel. This keeps pace with the latest global figures on acceptance of homosexuality, which suggest that acceptance of LGBTQ communities is becoming more widespread only in secular, affluent countries. However, an accepting policy toward gay and lesbian soldiers does not invariably guarantee that LGBTQ citizens are immune to discrimination in that particular society.
Even before the shooting rampage at a gay nightclub in Orlando, Fla. Politicians have been divided on how to define the Orlando tragedy. Senator Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, the majority leader, has omitted any mention of gays when talking about the massacre, and Representative Pete Sessions of Texas has said the site of the shooting was not a gay club.